E-ISSN 2149-9934
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Measuring the Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter by Using Ultrasonography in Diagnosis and Follow-Up of Pseudo-Tumor Cerebri: A Case Report
1 Department of Pediatrics, Emergency Care Unit, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey  
2 Department of Pediatrics, Unit of Neurology, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey  
JEMCR ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/jemcr.2018.2502
Key Words: Pseudo-tumor cerebri, optic nerve sheath diameter measurement, ultrasonography
Abstract

Introduction: The pseudo-tumor cerebri (PTC) is defined as the idiopathic or benign intracranial hypertension (IH), complaints of which cannot be explained in a different way. PTC is an exclusion diagnosis, in which the neuroophtalmopathology of IH cannot be determined. The patients with PTC may have complaints such as headache, nausea, vomiting, temporary blurred vision, and mild-level vision loss or unilateral or bilateral abducens nerve paralysis may develop. The radiological examination of patients yields normal results. In case that IH develops due to any reason, the enlargement is seen in optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in the acute period.

 

Case Report: 14 year-old patient, who has been diagnosed for PTC in our unit, optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement and follow-up of pressure change of whom have been performed by using ultrasonography (USG) method, is presented in order to discuss the contribution of this non-invasive method to diagnosis, treatment, and observation processes.

 

Conclusion: USG and ONSD measurement in PTC cases may be effective and reliable monitoring method as much as invasive methods.

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AVES | Copyright © 2018 Emergency Medicine Physicians Association of Turkey | Latest Update: 19.11.2018