E-ISSN 2149-9934
Syncope in a Young Man
1 Gilead Sciences, Drug and Public Health, California, USA  
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Ng Teng Fong General Hospital, Singapore  
JEMCR 2018; 9: 4-7
DOI: 10.5152/jemcr.2018.1964
Key Words: Syncope, Brugada syndrome, electrocardiogram

Introduction: Syncope is a common complaint in the emergency department, accounting for 1%–3% of all visits and hospital admissions. Most causes are often benign and self-limited allowing safe discharge. However, others, particularly those resulting from cardiac syncope, are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. An electrocardiogram (ECG) is essential in addition to clinical history and physical examination for risk stratification. It is useful for identifying patients with inherited syndromes that predispose them to cardiac arrhythmias.


Case Report: We report a case of a young man who presented with syncope to the emergency department. He was asymptomatic on arrival, but subsequently developed seizures secondary to ventricular fibrillation that required defibrillation. His initial ECG revealed characteristics of type 1 Brugada syndrome. The patient was fitted with an internal cardiac defibrillator and was discharged. We discuss the presentation, pathophysiology, and management of patients with Brugada syndrome.


Conclusion: In patients presenting with syncope, ECG is essential for risk stratification and identifying patients with possible inherited syndromes. A high index of suspicion is necessary for diagnosing.


Cite this article as: Chng EMC, Goh E. Syncope in a Young Man. J Emerg Med Case Rep 2018; 9: 4-7.

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